IVF stands for in vitro fertilization, which means ‘in lab conception’. With IVF treatment, the egg is fertilized with sperm in a petri dish.
IVF is highly successful when the female partner is less than 35 years and the male partner has a good sperm count.
A few days after fertilization, the best embryo or embryos are transferred to the female partner’s uterus via a catheter through the cervix. Any extra embryos may be cryopreserved for future cycles.
At Surya Fertility Centre not more than 2 embryos are transferred to decrease the chances of multiple pregnancies.
Fallopian tube damage or blockage: Women with blocked fallopian tubes can use IVF to achieve pregnancy.
Ovulation disorders: If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization.
Impaired sperm production: IVF is also used for cases of male infertility treatment that cannot be overcome with IUI treatment or other treatments. Men with low sperm count are more likely to achieve success with IVF.
Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are common in women in the age bracket 30 to 40. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
The timeline for IVF treatment usually follows the following path:
Ovary stimulation: For eight to 14 days near the beginning of your menstrual cycle, you take a type of fertility drug that stimulates your ovaries to develop multiple mature eggs for fertilization.
Trigger shot: When the follicles are ready, you get a ‘trigger shot’, an injection that causes the eggs to mature fully and become capable of being fertilized.
Collecting the eggs: A thin needle is inserted through the vaginal wall to remove the eggs from the follicles.
Fertilization: An embryologist will select the healthiest of the fertilized embryos if any, and your fertility doctor will decide on how many embryos to transfer.
Developing embryos: Some of the eggs that were successfully fertilized become embryos. Some of these embryos will become blastocysts with a fluid-filled cavity and tissues that are beginning to separate into placenta and baby.
Embryo selection: The embryologist selects the most viable embryo or embryos to place in the uterus.
Planting the embryos: The doctor places embryos in the uterus by inserting a thin tube (a catheter) through your cervix.
Any embryo that was not replaced on this occasion may be frozen and used the following month if conception fails to occur or at some later date if a further pregnancy is desired.
Specific steps of an in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle carry risks, including:
Multiple births: IVF increases the risk of multiple births if more than one embryo is implanted in your uterus.
Premature delivery and low birth weight: As per a research, IVF slightly increases the risk that a baby will be born early or with a low birth weight.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: Injectable fertility drugs can cause Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome. OHSS occurs in 10% of women going through IVF treatment.
At, Surya Fertility Centre, the cumulative pregnancy rate is 60% which includes fresh and frozen embryos transfer.
ICSI is a modification of the IVF technique and is used in situations when a small amount of sperm is available or incase the sperm is not strong enough to cause fertilization.
With this method, an individual sperm is selected and injected directly into an egg. This process is repeated with all available eggs.
If a female is unable to conceive/become pregnant after the first treatment, then the following course of action is followed.
If ovaries respond well, that means a reasonable number of eggs were collected and fertilized to produce good quality embryos, then there would be no contraindication to you having 3-4 cycles of IBF.
If the ovaries fail to respond even after an increased dosage of the Gonadotrophin injections or if the eggs fail to fertilize, the patient is advised to go for alternative treatments.
Plot No.53,UBI Colony,
Banjara Hills,Rd.No.3, Behind
Masjid, Hyderabad-500 034.
( & )
Surya Fertility Centre, SS Plaza,
Opposite Aparna Towers,